What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition that prevents the body from utilising Glucose (Sugar that we take through our food), thereby leading to a rise in Glucose Levels in the blood.

The food that we eat gets converted into simple sugar (glucose) , our body utilises this sugar to produce energy needed to perform various bodily functions and physical activities. Beta cells of the pancreas secrete a hormone, commonly called as , Insulin , this Insulin makes the glucose available to the body cells, helping to convert it to energy .  In case of Insufficient Insulin or the lack of it, our body fails to convert the glucose into the energy, the glucose levels in the body rise and that condition is called as Diabetes Mellitus.


Types and Causes




Age of Onset


Type I Diabetes Mellitus (DM) or Insulin Dependent DM

Heredity or inability of pancreas to produce Insulin

Sudden Onset / younger age group


Type II DM (Non Insulin Dependent)

Insulin insensitivity / Life Style / Obesity

Develops Slowly (commonly 35 – 40yrs)


Diabetes Mellitus or Adult onset diabetes

Impaired glucose utilisation / heredity/ other medical illness, infections etc.



Gestational Diabetes

Pregnancy (due to hormonal changes)

Usually disappears post-delivery



General Symptoms

·         Excessive Urination

·         Excessive thirst

·         Increases Hunger

·         Weight Loss (sudden)

·         Other symptoms are – blurred vision, fatigue, dry mouth, itchy skin, vaginal yeast infections (in females), poor healing of wounds/cuts, unusual infections, aches & pains.

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